Saturday, 8 March 2014

Three steps - Types of vegetarians

When I was younger I got sometimes confused with these terms so I'm making a list to be clear once and for all. Also I'll be writing a post about my story of becoming a vegetarian so let's get these things clear so I don't have to constantly write about what is e.g. a pescetarian which is by the way NOT a vegetarian according to Vegetarian Society, actually here in their page is a good explanation of what is a vegetarian.

It seems people become vegetarians usually for environmental or health reasons or because of food security and of course because they just do not want to eat animals. In my case, it's all these reasons.

I copied some of these things straight from Wikipedia since I had no idea of for example what is a Sattvic diet. I would love to know more about these non-familiar vegetarian diets so feel free to comment if you know anything or are yourself on some diet. Or if you know any other vegetarian diets, let's spread the knowledge!

So semi-vegetarianism or flexitarianism (same thing) is a plant-based diet with occasional inclusion of meat products, it usually includes:

     ♣ Pollo-pescetarians - They eat fish and poulty a.k.a "white meat" but not meat from mammals, no red meat
     ♣ Pollotarians - Includes chicken or other poultry but not meat from mammals or fish
     ♣ Pescetarians - Includes fish or other seafood but not meat from mammals or poultry
     ♣ I'm not sure if you should count people who little very little red meat as semi-vegetarians, opinions on that? I mean nobody's perfect, I too have slipped along the way

Now a vegetarian does not eat any meat whatsoever. Vegetarianism includes:
     ♣ Lacto-ovo-vegetarians - Most common type of vegetarian diet, they eat both dairy products, honey and eggs. Many eat only free-range or organic eggs. This is me atm :)

     ♣ Lacto-vegetarians - They eat dairy products but no eggs. What about honey, anyone?
     ♣ Ovo-vegetarians - They eat eggs but no dairy products. What about honey, anyone?
     ♣ Vegans - They don't eat dairy products, honey (though there is debating about that), eggs or any other products which are derived from animals e.g. gelatin, animal-tested baking soda, bone-char refined white sugar
     ♣ Raw veganism, also called raw food diet - Unprocessed vegan foods. They eat only fresh and uncooked fruit, nuts, seeds and vegetables. Vegetables can only be cooked up to a certain temperature (46 degrees celcious/115 degrees). "Raw foodists" believe that foods cooked above this temperature have lost a significant amount of their nutritional value and are harmful to the body.
     ♣ Fruitarism - They eat only fruit, nuts, seeds and other plant matter that can be gathered without harming the plant
     ♣ Sattvic diet (aka yogic diet) - a plant-based diet which may include dairy (no eggs) and honey but exludes anything from the onion or leek family, red lentils, durian fruit, mushrooms, blue cheeses, fermented foods or sauces, alcoholic drink and often also excludes coffee, black or green tea, chocolate, nutmeg or any other type of stimulant such as excess sharp spices.
     ♣ Buddhist vegetarianism - Different Buddhist traditions have differing teachings on diet, which may also vary for ordained monks and nuns compared to others. Many interpret the precept 'not to kill' to require abstinence from meat, but not all. In Taiwan, su vegetarianism excludes not only all animal products but also vegetables in the allium family (which have the characteristic aroma of onion and garlic): onion, garlic, scallions, leeks, chives, or shallots.
     ♣ Jain vegetarianism includes dairy but excludes eggs and honey, as well as root vegetables. One of the most rigorous form of spiritually-motivated diet on the Indian subcontinent and also beyond.
     ♣ Macrobiotic diets consist mostly of whole grains and beans. The macrobiotic diet, revered by some for its healthy and healing qualities, includes unprocessed vegan foods, such as whole grains, fruits and vegetables, and allows the occasional consumption of fish. Sugar and refined oils are avoided. Perhaps the most unique qualifier of the macrobiotic diet is its emphasis on the consumption of Asian vegetables, such as daikon, and sea vegetables, such as seaweed.
“Even as a junkie I stayed true [to vegetarianism] - 'I shall have heroin, but I shan't have a hamburger.' What a sexy little paradox.”
― Russell Brand, My Booky Wook

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